« Big Data : est-ce que le déluge de données va rendre la méthode scientifique obsolète ? » – Le Monde/InternetActu

Illustration: Marian Bantjes pour Wired

Extrait : « Nous voici entré dans l’ère des Big Data des ensembles de données tellement gigantesques qu’ils nécessitent de nouveaux outils techniques et scientifiques pour les comprendre et en tirer du sens. Un déluge de données qui pose des questions profondes sur leur collecte, leur interprétation, leur analyse… Dans ce siècle des réseaux, la science des algorithmes, censée extraire le sens de ces amas d’information doit apprendre à comprendre ce qu’elle analyse. L’enjeu des Big Data nous adresse des questions scientifiques, mais aussi politiques et éthiques. Les Big Data, c’est le dossier de la semaine d’InternetActu qui commence par un retour sur un article fondateur de 2008 qui posait les bases de la révolution à venir.

Il y a soixante ans, les ordinateurs ont rendu l’information lisible. Il y a vingt ans, l’internet l’a rendu accessible. (…) Selon Chris Anderson, nous sommes à la fin de la science, de la science telle que nous la connaissons. « À l’échelle du pétaoctet, l’information n’est pas une question de simples dimensions en matière de taxonomie et d’ordre, mais de statistiques agnostiques en termes de dimensions. Cela nécessite une approche totalement différente, qui nous oblige à concevoir la donnée comme quelque chose qui ne peut être visualisée dans sa totalité. (…) » 

Source : Le Monde 

Voir aussi le dossier dans Wired

 

 

 

 

« Erdogan pushes for common future with Balkan states  » – SETimes.com

By Chase Winter for Southeast European Times in New York — 28/09/11

Wrapping up his visit to New York, Erdogan sends a message of universal values and pushes for a common future with Balkan states.

Speaking alongside leaders of the Balkan states at the New York Balkan Forum last week (September 22nd), Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan stressed the cultural and historical ties between Turkey and the Balkans, while calling on the region to overcome its troubled history to co-operate and integrate to form a common future.

« In the future, the Balkans’ most pressing need is to learn a lesson from its experience and start working towards prosperity, development, and peace, » he said, adding that any problems experienced in the Balkans directly reflect on Turkey because of historical ties of brotherhood.

However, the absence of Serbia and Greece at the forum due to the presence of Kosovo and Macedonia, respectively, was a clear reminder of a Balkans still divided.

Intra-Balkan economic integration and investment were key themes, while Turkey’s fast-growing economy and investments in the region provided the backdrop to the growing importance of Turkey.

Describing the Balkans as « Turkey’s door to the West », Confederation of Businessmen and Industrialists (TUSKON) President Rizanur Meral said Turkey has undergone an economic transformation since 2002, with the world’s second fastest growing economy and a jump in exports from $35 billion to $135 billion.

Balkan countries will need to expand markets due to the small size of domestic markets, Deputy Governor of Turkey’s Central Bank Ihbrahim Turhan said, adding that countries like Turkey and Russia afford opportunities.

According to Timothy Ash, the head of emerging markets research at RBS global banking, as Europe faces financial trouble Turkey can play a role as a driver for Balkan growth. However, he warned, Balkan states will have to do more to attract FDI as European financial resources run dry.

As the largest investor in Kosovo, Turkey plays a unique role in the country due to a « common past, religion, geographic position and the big support we’ve got from the Turkish government » Kosovo Foreign Minister Enver Hoxhai explained.

Pointing to the free trade agreement between Albania and Turkey, Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha said that Turkish investment in Albania increased four fold between 2005 and 2010.

Meanwhile, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Nickolay Mladenov said that energy co-operation with Turkey, especially finalising Nabucco, are his country’s top priority.

« Connecting energy markets, making sure we have a southeast European energy market with a common strategy to make sure energy networks are connected, » is one area Mladenov said the Balkan states could make tangible efforts at co-operation and integration.

On the political front, Mladenov said working together to overcome the difficulties of the past is necessary for regional co-operation. « One of the very important examples over the past few years has been the role Turkey has played in pushing and helping countries strengthen their co-operation together, particularly Bosnia and Serbia, » he said.

All the states including Turkey said their future is within the EU and NATO, which will act as an anchor for regional co-operation and security.

However, Erdogan highlighted that for a common future there needs to be more than economic growth and material gain: human rights, democracy, and the rule of law are also of equal importance.

Speaking on Saturday (September 24th) at an event organised by the Turkish Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Research (SETA), Erdogan said the age of autocratic regimes is over and that Turkey would act according to universal principles and the will of the people.

By framing the Balkans as being the heart of Turkey and stressing universal rights, Erdogan tried to place ideology and principles to the forefront of his message.

« Sarajevo’s fate is Edirne’s fate, Skopje’s fate is Kosovo’s fate, Palestine’s fate is Istanbul’s fate, in that case the fate of humanity should become the fate of Ankara, » he said. »

Source : SES Türkiye

 

« Copper sales on rise thanks to TV series » – Hürriyet Daily News

Coppersmith Kamil Tuna says that sales increased thanks to popular series. (Source: Hürriyet)

« Sales of copper products have increased thanks to the popular Turkish TV series “Muhteşem Yüzyıl” (Magnificent Century), according to coppersmiths in the southern province of Adana.

Mostly copper products were being used in the TV series, said Kamil Tuna, who has been working as a coppersmith for 60 years in the city. “This is why people began showing interest in objects made of this material. We are selling objects like trays, coffeepots, coffee cups, Turkish bath bowls and many others.”

Sales began increasing when Hürrem Sultan used a bowl while washing herself in the bath, Tuna said. “We sold lots of copper bowls at first. Later on, when she was pregnant on TV, she had dinner in a copper pan with the sultan and there was an observable increase in copper pan sales. »

Source : Hürriyet Daily News

« Israel airs popular Turkish television series for first time » – Israel Hayom

« Turkish soap opera provides stark contrast to Turkey’s TV broadcasts of other virulently anti-Israeli programs • Israeli TV executive says show became very popular after first few weeks of broadcasts, « it is the most watched series in the country. »

Turkey may have cut diplomatic and military ties with Israel, kicked out its ambassador and threatened to break the naval blockade on Gaza with Turkish warships, but cultural exchanges are seemingly continuing.

While Turkish television periodically produces and broadcasts virulently anti-Israeli programs, Israeli television is now reportedly broadcasting a popular Turkish soap opera for the first time.

According to a report in the Turkish Hurriyet Daily News, private channels Viva and Viva Platina decided to begin airing “Menekse ile Halil” (“Menekse and Halil”), a popular Turkish show starring Kivanc Tatlitug and Sedef Avci.

The show is aired in prime time five days a week with Hebrew subtitles, and has gained many fans since it began broadcasting two weeks ago, Hurriyet reported on Friday. […]”

Source : Israel Hayom

« Qu’est-ce que la géographie? » – France Culture / Planète terre

Titre éponyme pour cette émission de « Planète Terre » à propos de la nouvelle édition du livre de Jacques Scheibling (chez Hachette). Cette émission fait – en résumé – écho à quelques réflexions qui me hantent actuellement sur la notion de territoire en géograhie… 

Cette émission est aussi pour moi une occasion de (re)découvrir le blog de Sylvain Khan, producteur de l’émission : http://www.franceculture.com/blog-globe.html

Le 4ème de couverture du livre de Jacques Scheibling :

« Depuis la première édition de Qu’est-ce que la géographie ? il y a quinze ans, la géographie a beaucoup évolué. La question de l’unité de la géographie qui préoccupait beaucoup, ne se pose plus. La géographie physique s’est humanisée en s’intéressant à l’environnement. Tout le monde s’accorde à dire que la géographie est une science sociale. Elle n’est plus en crise épistémologique, ce qui ne veut pas dire qu’elle ne se pose plus de questions. Elles ont changé de nature.

Des courants coexistent. À celui de la nouvelle géographie et de la géopolitique, s’ajoutent désormais celui de la géographie culturelle, inspirée de l’idéologie postmoderne et celui du «développement durable» sous la pression de l’idéologie écologiste. Le domaine de la géographie est devenu celui de l’espace des sociétés, mais comme les autres sciences sociales s’en sont aussi emparées, on ne sait plus parfois ce qu’est sa spécificité.

Ce livre, partant de l’histoire de géographie, fait un état des lieux complet de cette discipline en mouvement.« 

Source : France Culture

Protégé : Looking for the territories of a “creative city” in Istanbul. Inputs from industrial geography into cultural industries studies.

Cet article est protégé par un mot de passe. Pour le lire, veuillez saisir votre mot de passe ci-dessous :

« The Arab World’s ‘Dallas’  » – Newsweek / The Daily Beast

« Turkish Soap operas are sweeping the Middle East and luring viewers with scandalous storylines.

A handsome ottoman prince is hunting in a forest when a cavalcade of horsemen rides up bearing a fateful message. Meanwhile, a slave ship full of nubile Russian women destined for the harems of Istanbul creaks its way across the Black Sea. So begins Magnificent Century, Turkey’s answer to Showtime’s The Tudors. A bodice-ripping historical soap opera based on the life of the 16th-century Suleiman the Magnificent, it’s just one of more than 100 shows produced last year by Turkey’s booming TV-drama industry. The programs are becoming a wildly popular cultural phenomenon across the Middle East, bringing in their wake a renaissance in Turkey’s soft power and ushering in a low-key social revolution among the housewives of the Arab world.

Last year the final episode of Turkey’s rags-to-riches soap Noor clocked 85 million viewers from Syria to Morocco. “These serials have a huge impact,” says Izzet Pinto, CEO of Turkey’s Global Agency, which distributes Magnificent Century and 1001 Nights, another Turkish blockbuster set in modern-day Istanbul. “In the Balkans, newborns are being named after 1001 Nights characters.” The secret is familiarity. “Neither the characters nor the subject matter nor the featured locations are foreign” to viewers, says Kemal Uzun, director of Noor. “They do not feel like outsiders to what is taking place. We are close cultures, close geographies; we have close ties.” […] »

Source : Newsweek / The Daily Beast