Documentary : “Ekümenopolis : city without limits”, by Imre Azem

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Projection at the IFEA : May 25th 2011, 6pm


“The neoliberal transformation that swept through the world economy during the 1980’s, and along with it the globalization process that picked up speed, brought with it a deep transformation in cities all over the world. For this new finance-centered economic structure, urban land became a tool for capital accumulation, which had deep effects on major cities of developing countries. In Istanbul, which already lacked a tradition of principled  planning, the administrators of the city blindly adopted the neoliberal approach that put financial gain ahead of people’s needs; everyone fought to get a piece of the loot; and the result is a megashantytown of 15 million struggling with mesh of life-threatening problems.

Especially in the past 10 years, as the World Bank foresaw in its reports, Istanbul has been changing from an industrial city to a finance and service-centered city, competing with other world cities for investment. Making Istanbul attractive for investors requires not only the abolishment of legal controls that look out for the public good, but also a parallel transformation of the users of the city. This means that the working class who actually built the city as an industrial center no longer have a place in the new consumption-centered finance and service city. So what is planned for these people?

This is where the “urban renewal” projects come into play. Armed with new powers never before imagined, TOKI (State Housing Administration), together with the municipalities and private investors, are trying to reshape the urban landscape in this new vision. With international capital behind them, land plans in their hands, square meters and building coefficients in their minds, they are demolishing neighborhoods, and instead building skyscrapers, highways and shopping malls. But who do these new spaces serve?

The huge gap between the rich and the poor in Istanbul is reflected more and more in the urban landscape, and at the same time feeds on the spatial segregation. While the rich isolate themselves in gated communities, residences and plazas; new poverty cycles born in social housing communities on the prifery of the city designed as human depots continue to push millions to desperation and hopelessness. So who is responsible for this social legacy that we are leaving for future generations?

While billions of dollars are wasted on new road tunnels, junctions, and viaducts with a complete disregard for the scientific fact that all new roads eventually create their own traffic, Istanbul in 2010 has to contend with a single-line eight-station metro “system”. Due to insufficient budget allocations for mass public transportation, rail and other alternative transport systems, millions of people are tormented in traffic, and billions of dollars worth of time go out the exhaust pipe. What do our administrators do? You guessed right: more roads!

Everything changes so fast in this city of 15 million that it is impossible to even take a snap-shot for planning. Plans are outdated even as they are being made. A chronic case of planlessness. Meanwhile, the population keeps increasing and the city expands uncontrollably pushing up against Tekirdağ in the east and Kocaeli in the west. But does Istanbul really have a plan?

In 1980 the first plan for Istanbul on a metropolitan scale was produced. In that plan report, it is noted that the topography and the geographic nature of the city would only support a maximum population of 5 million. At the time, Istanbul had 3.5 million people living in it. Now we are 15 million, and in 15 years we will be 23 million. Almost 5 times the sustainable size. Today we bring water to Istanbul from as far away as Bolu, and suck-up the entire water in Thrace, destroying the natural environment there. The northern forest areas disappear at a rapid pace, and the project for a 3rd bridge over the Bosphorous is threatening the remaining forests and water reservoirs giving life to Istanbul. The bridges that connect the two continents are segregating our society through the urban land speculation that they trigger. So what are we, the people of Istanbul, doing against this pillage? If cities are a reflection of the society, what can we say about ourselves by looking at Istanbul? What kind of city are we leaving behind for future generations?

Ecological limits have been surpassed. Economic limits have been surpassed. Population limits have been surpassed. Social cohesion has been lost. Here is the picture of neoliberal urbanism: Ecumenopolis.

Ecumenopolis aims for a holistic approach to Istanbul, questioning not only the transformation, but the dynamics behind it as well. From demolished shantytowns to the tops of skyscrapers, from the depths of Marmaray to the alternative routes of the 3rd bridge, from real estate investors to urban opposition, the film will take us on a long journey in this city without limits. We will speak with experts, academics, writers, investors, city-dwellers, and community leaders; and we will take a look at the city on a macro level through animated maps and graphics. Perhaps you will rediscover the city that you live in and we hope that you will not sit back and watch this transformation but question it. In the end this is what democracy requires of us.”

Source : official website

Facebook page of the film:ümenopolis/141253259238073

“We began promoting the “Magnificent Century”, agency CEO says” – Cumhuriyet

“Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Global Agency, Izzet Pinto, said Thursday that they began to promote the “Muhtesem Yuzyil (Magnificent Century)” TV series.

Speaking to the AA at a fair on television broadcasting in Istanbul, Pinto said that they would host a party in Cannes for 500 people, including global buyers, in three weeks and begin exporting the “Magnificent Century” to the whole world.

Around 4-5 years ago, I met with the creator of “Will You Be My Bride?” and I entered this sector. The format of this TV program was sold to about 30 countries, Pinto said. 

Following the format business, I entered the soap operas sector. Three years ago, I began representing “Binbir Gece (1001 Nights)”. This soap opera was sold to many countries. I sold it to the whole Balkans. The soap opera was liked so much that people began naming their children in Serbia and Croatia as “Sehrazat” and “Onur”, Pinto said. 

Later, I began representing the scenario rights of “Ask-i Memnu (The Forbidden Love)”. We have signed a contract with the Italian Berlusconi TV channel for “The Forbidden Love” and are conducting negotiations with the United States and other European countries to market this TV series, Pinto underlined.

Our portfolio includes 26 projects, Pinto said. We have sold “Will You Be My Bride?” to India and the first live marriage took place in our program, Pinto said.

Turkish soap operas and films have millions of watchers in the Balkans. Greece was a country in which Turkish series were not broadcast in the past. Only “Yabanci Damat (The Foreign Groom)” was broadcast as a joint production. However, “1001 Nights” became a phenomenon once it was broadcast in Greece, Pinto stressed.

The TV series market provides a revenue of around 50 million USD to Turkey. In the next 4-5 years, Turkey will earn around 500 million USD from TV series and I expect a 20 percent share in this market, Pinto said.

The greatest impact of TV series is felt in tourism. The number of tourists coming to Turkey from the Middle East went up 100 percent while the number of tourists coming to Turkey from the Balkans went up 200 percent, Pinto said.

We are currently working with 40 countries and are in touch with 100 other countries. Greece’s biggest TV channel ‘Mega TV’ is our world distributor while big producers of TV series in Argentina and Venezuela are distributors in the Balkans, Pinto said.

We are exporting format to China. “Will You Be My Bride?” will soon begin in China. Normally, China copies everything. For the first time in their history, they have actually paid to receive a format, Pinto noted.

Since our business is global, we want everyone to be interested in our projects. We grow by 100-200 percent annually. We have a good trade mark. We want our shares to be traded at the London Stock Exchange in two years, Pinto added.”

Source : Cumhuriyet

“Prêt à jeter – L’obsolescence programmée” – Théma ARTE

Dans les pays occidentaux, on peste contre des produits bas de gamme qu’il faut remplacer sans arrêt. Tandis qu’au Ghana, on s’exaspère de ces déchets informatiques qui arrivent par conteneurs. Ce modèle de croissance aberrant qui pousse à produire et à jeter toujours plus ne date pas d’hier.

Dès les années 1920, un concept redoutable a été mis au point : l’obsolescence programmée. “Un produit qui ne s’use pas est une tragédie pour les affaires”, lisait-on en 1928 dans une revue spécialisée. Peu à peu, on contraint les ingénieurs à créer des produits qui s’usent plus vite pour accroître la demande des consommateurs.

Source : ARTE

“The Geography of Financial Crisis, an interview with David Harvey” – Métropolitiques

“David Harvey is a leading figure of the marxist critique of neoliberalism. During his last stay in France, in October 2010, he answered a few quick questions on his relationship to Paris, on the geography of the financial crisis and on utopia and social movements.”

by David HarveyNadine RoudilStéphane Tonnelat

Source : Métropolitiques

David Harvey: the geography of financial crisis Metropolitiques

David Harvey: the geography of financial crisis Metropolitiques

David Harvey: the geography of financial crisis Metropolitiques

“The crises of capitalism” par David Harvey – RSA Animate

Une des vidéos de la série “RSA Animate”, illustrant des conférences tenues à la Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA). Ces vidéos d’animation sont des petits chef-d’oeuvres à la fois d’intelligence et de vulgarisation scientifique.

La plupart des conférences données à la RSA sont disponibles en vidéo ou audio (toujours en anglais), soit directement sur le site de la RSA, soit en différé par podcast (ici, ou dans ITunes).

Cette vidéo a été postée le 26 juin 2010 sur le site de la RSA et illustre le propos de l’urbaniste et économiste marxiste David Harvey sur le capitalisme.

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