« Pushing Back the Boundaries of Good Taste. Taboos in Turkish Television » – The Majalla

Source : The Majalla

« Are Turkish series as taboo-breaking as the western media (and Turkish conservatives) make them out to be? As the content on Turkish television becomes increasingly liberalized, claims that these images are changing the status of women in the Arab world are growing. But liberals in Turkey are skeptical that television can have such an effect.

Homosexuality and sexual violence on prime time. Blockbuster soap operas telling convoluted stories of forbidden love. There is plenty of shocking content on Turkish television screens these days.

A month ago, a third of Turkish television viewers tuned in to watch one of the country’s most popular young actresses being gang-raped in the first episode of a new series.

A couple of days later a television channel—bought recently by a businessman close to the former Islamist government—broadcast the first ever Turkish-made soap opera to show two men in bed together, naked(…) »

Source : The Majalla

 

« RTÜK Draft Bill Opposes Constitution » – Bianet

« Communications lawyer İlkiz criticized the RTÜK draft bill: « The government cannot intervene against radio and television broadcasts. The provision should be lifted. It will cause illegal applications ».

Communications lawyer Fikret İlkiz declared that the « Draft Law on Radio and Television Enterprises and Broadcasting Services » was contrary to the law and the public’s right to information because it preserves the Prime Minister’s authority to interrupt broadcasts under « extraordinary circumstances ».

İlkiz pointed out that Article 25 on the « Suspension of Broadcasts » of Law No. 3984 on the Establishment of Radio and Television Enterprises and Their Broadcasts was preserved in the new draft bill. In an interview with bianet, the lawyer argued that the situation became even more complicated. (…) »

Source : Bianet

 

« Pourquoi les séries télévisées envahissent-elles tous les écrans ?  » – Le Monde

« Parce qu’elles captivent chaque semaine les téléspectateurs et les fidélisent, parce qu’elles permettent aux chaînes d’échapper à des audiences erratiques et de compresser les coûts de production, les séries télévisées constituent aujourd’hui le genre majeur à la télévision. Le plus plébiscité et le plus propre au médium.

Un phénomène culturel mondialisé

Ces programmes confèrent au petit écran, longtemps traité de robinet à images, une légitimité culturelle qui lui faisait défaut. Or, paradoxe, ces mêmes séries contribuent à en abolir les frontières en s’émancipant de leur lieu d’origine. Si elles sont nées avec le petit écran, les séries sont devenues un phénomène culturel mondialisé, un laboratoire où s’inventent de nouvelles formes de narration, depuis vingt ans, soit la période au cours de laquelle les canaux de diffusion se sont multipliés.

D’abord propulsées par la généralisation des DVD qui permettaient d’enchaîner les épisodes, elles prospèrent grâce au Web, qui répond au besoin d’échanges et d’urgence créés par l’addiction. D’autant que cette migration, contrairement au cinéma, n’entraîne pas un sentiment de déperdition, comme c’est le cas lorsqu’on passe du grand au petit écran.(…) »

Source : Le Monde

 

« Pourquoi les séries télévisées envahissent-elles tous les écrans ? » – Le Monde

Par  Macha Séry

« En quinze ans, les séries télévisées sont devenues une addiction planétaire, le genre majeur de la télévision. Des collégiens aux cinéastes tels Jean-Luc Godard fan de « Docteur House », des mères au foyer aux universitaires, elles captivent tout le monde.

Même les plus réfractaires à la télévision, ceux qui ne la possèdent pas, ceux qui la qualifiaient avec mépris de « robinet à images », se sont découvert un appétit pour ce type de programmes.

De fait, les séries ont conféré au petit écran la légitimité intellectuelle qui lui faisait défaut. En moins de cinq ans, elles ont fait leur entrée à l’université où elles sont désormais étudiées et disséquées par des professeurs de diverses disciplines. Cet engouement a été impulsé par le renouveau des séries américaines, des créations plus percutantes, ou jouant de cette longue durée que seul permet le feuilleton pour bâtir des fresques historiques et des peintures sociales riches en détail et en ambigüité psychologique. En somme des méga-films.

DES PAYS ÉMERGENT SUR LE MARCHÉ MONDIAL

Cette hégémonie toujours puissante des productions anglo-saxonnes dissimule le fait que, peu à peu, des pays émergent sur le marché mondial. Tel est, par exemple, le cas des pays scandinaves, de la Grande-Bretagne, d’Israël, du Brésil et de l’Italie qui, aujourd’hui produisent des œuvres de qualité qui s’exportent bien.

En France, les chaînes de télévision ont progressivement réduit les cases dévolues jadis au cinéma et privilégient désormais la fiction sérielle au téléfilm. Cette culture populaire et mondialisée – une même série peut être diffusée simultanément dans 120 pays comme ce fut le cas, en novembre, de « Walking Dead » – essaime sur tous les écrans.

On les trouve à la télévision, évidemment, sur le téléphone portable mais surtout l’ordinateur, le Web étant le lieu d’échanges et de consommation massive des séries télévisées davantage piratées que le cinéma. »

Source : Le Monde

« Turkish Television Dramas Breaking Taboos While Conveying Conservative Messages  » – Eurasianet.com

Risque by Turkish standards, the wardrobes and plot lines of soap operas like Ask-i Memnu ("Forbidden Love") have caused some conservatives to bemoan their popularity. But some cultural critics say the shows offer nothing but conservative values with a modern. Source : Eurasianet (Photo courtesy www.askimennu.tv)

« Homosexuality and sexual violence on prime time Turkish television: there is a lot of shocking stuff being broadcast in Turkey these days. And Turkish conservatives are horrified.

On September 16, about one-third of all Turkish television viewers tuned in to watch one of the country’s most popular young actresses being gang-raped in the first episode of a new drama series. A couple of days later, a television channel bought recently by a businessman close to the former Islamist government televised the first ever Turkish-made soap opera to show two men in bed together, naked.

Such scenes have caused outrage among traditionalists belonging to all shades of the political spectrum. (…) »

Source : Eurasianet.com

 

« Turkey’s soap opera diplomacy  » – Public Radio International

« Soap operas from Turkey are forging trust and curiosity among residents of Bulgaria, its long-time foe.

Mistrust between Bulgarians and Turks runs deep. The Ottoman Turkish Empire ruled over Bulgaria for some 500 years. Some still look back to 1876, when Ottoman forces committed atrocities against Bulgarians, before the country’s independence in 1908. Today, Matthew Brunwasser reports for PRI’s The World that many Bulgarians have begun to warm to Turkey’s influence because of a not-so-secret weapon: soap operas.

Turkish soap operas are hugely popular in Bulgaria today. One of the main Bulgarian channels shows Turkish soaps six and a half hours a day.

« We are bigots when it comes to Turkey, » Atanas Harizanov, a resident of Perushtitsa, Bulgaria, told PRI’s The World. Perushtitsa was nearly wiped out in the 1876 uprising, but even there, residents are warming to the Turkish soap operas. « They are changing the consciousness of the people of Perushtitsa, despite the deeply buried pain of the past, » Harizanov said. « I don’t believe that its hatred anymore. But little by little, the Turkish soap operas are building a bridge of trust and curiosity. »

Bulgaria used to consider its southern neighbor backward and strictly Islamic, Brunwasser reports. The shows are changing that by showing glamorous Istanbul locations and attractive characters living modern lifestyles. […] »

Source : Public Radio International

« Bringing together soap opera fans and religious figures » – Al Arabiya

« Last summer, airplanes traveling to Turkey were filled with young man and women who were fans of the Arabic-dubbed Turkish soap opera « Noor. » Record number of Arab tourists paid a visit to Turkey last summer, holidaying in the land of « Noor. »

As for this summer, it is preachers, imams, and religious figures who are rushing to Turkey, with preachers appearing on television screens calling for viewers to support Turkey and spend their summer holidays there.

Therefore this summer soap opera fans and religious people have – unusually – joined in their love of Turkey, which has become a common ground between them whereas previously it was a source of dispute between the two groups. This was after Imams last year attacked Turkey’s « shameless » soap operas, and called for the Arab public to boycott them. In contrast, merely mentioning Turkey this year elicits praise and support from everybody for the first time since the collapse of the Turkish Ottoman Caliphate. […] »

Source : Al Arabiya

« Turks Put Twist in Racy Soaps » – New York Times

From left, Kivanc Tatlitug, Selcuk Yontem and Beren Saat in a scene from “Ask-i Memnu,” the top-rated series in Turkey. Source : Doğan TV & New York Times

« […] Just another day at the office for the stars of “Gumus,” the Turkish soap opera that during its two-year run here on Kanal D has offered Turks not only the daytime-television miracle of sexual foreplay, but the standard sudsy compendium of shotgun weddings, kidnappings, car accidents and crazy plot twists like the one when the dead girlfriend of the aforementioned married dreamboat turns out to be alive and the mother of his illegitimate baby.

Usual stuff to American aficionados of the genre. But Turkish television has given the soap a fresh twist by making the connivers, kidnappers and canoodlers Muslims. And it is Arab audiences, even more than Turks, who have been swept off their feet.

Led by “Gumus” (“Noor” in Arabic), a wave of Turkish melodramas, police procedurals and conspiracy thrillers — “Yaprak Dokumu,” “Kurtlar Vadisi,” “Asmali Konak,” “Ihlamurlar Altinda” and now the steamy “Ask-i Memnu,” the top-rated series in Turkey (think Madame Bovary on the Bosporus) — are making their way onto Arab televisions, wielding a kind of soft power. […] »

Source : New York Times

« Double Standards at RTÜK? » – Bianet

« After the Radio and Television Supreme Council’s critical statement on the Israeli attack of aid ships for Gaza, Abakay from the Contemporary Journalists Association expects a statement from RTÜK on violations of press freedom in Turkey.

« Good morning! On which mountain did Kurds die? » – this is how the President of the Contemporary Journalists Association (ÇGD), Ahmet Abakay, addressed the Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTÜK) in reference to the council’s statement on the Israeli attack on the aid ships for Gaza on 31 May. RTÜK had condemned the « interference against the freedom to obtain information and the media’s freedom to publish news and opinions ».

In their announcement, RTÜK had said, « Israel did not only unlawfully murder innocent people but also committed media terrorism ». Abakay condemned the Israeli attack and commented RTÜK’s statement, « This is unbelievable, how did that come to their mind? »(…) »

Source : Bianet

« RTÜK in Control again? » – Bianet

« According to a drafted amendment of the Law on Radio and Television Broadcasting Institutions and Publishing Rights, the limit of foreign investment shall increase to 50 percent and RTÜK shall take over supervision and the ascertaining of the number of viewers.

The government plans to amend the Law on Radio and Television Institutions and Publishing Rights (no. 3894) as a supposedly required step on the way to the accession to the European Union. Due to the amendment, the maximum share of foreign capital shall be increased from 25 to 50 percent. Should the amendment be ratified, a foreign private person or a legal entity can become a direct shareholder of two broadcasting institutions.

Another amendment proposes the transfer of supervision from the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) to the Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTÜK). Accordingly, provisions regarding special regulations for public and private broadcasting organizations would be lifted. (…) »

Source : Bianet

« Turkish soap operas in the Arab world: social liberation or cultural alienation?  » – Arab Media & Society

http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=735

« In 1980 oil magnate J.R. Ewing was shot and injured in the hit series Dallas, which featured an unconventional family’s struggles over power, wealth and sex. The shot was heard around the world, with millions of fans desperately wondering “Who shot J.R.?”. It was the first time that a TV series had captivated simultaneously so many people around the world. Five years later, the Arabs were shooting at the stars with the launch of the first Arab satellite system, Arabsat-1. Except for experts and visionaries, no one was predicting that it was “the beginning of the end” for the state domination of television in the Arab world.

Almost a quarter of a century later, on August 30, 2008, 85 million Arab viewers were glued to their TV sets for the finale of the Syrian-dubbed Turkish soap opera, Gümüş1 (Noor2 in Arabic), a Kanal D production that received little attention in its homeland in 2005. After falling in the past for Victoria Principal, Ridge Forrester, and Latin American telenovela characters Kassandra and Rosalinda , Arab audiences are now turning to Turkey, a close yet estranged neighbor with whom they share a tumultuous history.

The mastermind behind this phenomenon has been the MBC (Middle East Broadcasting Center) media empire, a combination of Saudi capital and Middle Eastern know-how, and a success story that started in the 1990s with the birth of a private Arab media field. As Naomi Sakr explains, many factors fuel the field’s potential including the fact that “Media flows are (…) facilitated where the language is shared3”. The Arab market is indeed unique: a large and essentially young audience with some 20 countries sharing a common language. Researchers have thus observed a relative “depoliticization” of media over the years with the progressive development of mass entertainment programming. […] »

Link to complete article in pdf

Source : Arab Media & Society

 

 

« Private TV Channels Take Flak from RTÜK  » – Bianet

« The Radio and Television Supreme Council admonished ATV Europe by reason of the news about the population ratio of one woman in six men in Mongolia. The Council furthermore required justifications from Show TV, ATV, Star TV, Flash TV and Cine 5.

The Radio and Television Supreme Council (RTÜK) decided to issue a warning to the private Turkish television channel ATV Europe on the grounds of their news regarding the population ratio of one woman in six men in Mongolia, saying that « the Mongolian people asked for 20,000 men from Turkey ». The Supreme Council moreover decided to request justifications from the private television channels Show TV, ATV, Star TV, Flash TV and Cine 5.

The mentioned television channels made news in their main news bulletins on 20 and 21 January about the issue that « 20,000 men from Turkey were in demand ». (…) « 

Source : Bianet

« TNS trumps AGB Nielsen in race for Turkish TV ratings contract » – Resarch-live

« TURKEY— AGB Nielsen and Turkey’s TV audience measurement body, TÍAK, have launched a legal investigation after some members of Nielsen’s TV panel reported being offered money to change their viewing habits.

TNS will establish a 3,500 household panel, with each home fitted with the 5000 Series Modular PeopleMeter. The panel will begin reporting data from 2011 and TNS’s InfoSys software will be used for analysis.

In a statement, AGB Nielsen’s Turkey MD Craig Johnson said the firm was “naturally disappointed” to lose the contract, but vowed to “continue to work hard to deliver high quality data and service” until the hand-over date.(…) »

Source : Research-live.com

« Séduits par les feuilletons turcs, les touristes arabes affluent en Turquie » – RTL Info Belgique

Source : Turquie News

« Avec leurs héros glamours, leurs héroïnes émancipées et leurs décors de rêve, les séries télévisées turques diffusées dans le monde arabe ont créé un engouement sans précédent pour la Turquie, qui voit affluer les touristes venus marcher sur les pas de leurs acteurs préférés.

Cem Polatoglu a du mal à y croire : en l’espace d’un an, son agence de voyage Baracuda Turizm, spécialisée sur le marché arabe, a doublé le nombre de ses clients. Et pour lui, il n’y a pas d’erreur possible, ce sont bien les feuilletons, à commencer par le désormais célèbre « Nour » et son héros Mohannad aux yeux bleus et au sourire ravageur qui sont à l’origine de cet afflux. « Avant, on emmenait les touristes arabes visiter les mosquées d’Istanbul, on allait aux thermes de Bursa (l’ancienne Brousse, nord-ouest). Maintenant, plus personne ne veut y aller, aux cures thermales », raconte-t-il. « Tout le monde veut visiter les maisons où les séries ont été tournées, dîner dans le restaurant vu à la télé ».(…) »

Source : RTL Info Belgique

« Kapitalizmi Aramayın! Ne Yerdedir Ne de Gökte! » – Sol

Yazar : Ahmet Alpay Dikmen

« Bugün piknik tüpü almak için tüpçüye gittim. İçeride şöyle bir ortamla karşılaşıyorsunuz: Ortalık pislik içerisinde, oraya buraya yığılmış rengi kaçmış küçüklü büyüklü tüpler. Masanın üzerinde kırık dökük tornavidalar, penseler. Kirli peşkirler, yıkanmamış tabaklar ve içerisinde hala yemek kırıntıları olan alüminyum bir tencere ve dükkanın içine girer girmez burnunuzun direğini sızlatan kesif bir yemek kokusu… Ama, hepsinden önemlisi sürekli yerli dizi gösteren renkli bir televizyon. Herkesin gözü bu televizyonda… Tüpü değiştirirken, parayı alıp para üstü verirken gözler sadece kısacık bir an için televizyondan kaçırılıyor. Para alınıyor, televizyona bir göz atılıyor, para kasaya konuluyor, tekrar televizyona bir göz atılıyor, sonra tekrar kasaya bakıp para üstü aranıyor ve tekrar gözler televizyondaki diziye kayıyor. Sizin yüzünüze bu süreçte bir kez bile bakılmıyor. Aslında, orada o anda dizideki hayat yaşanıyor. Ne o dükkan söz konusu aslında, ne iş ne de müşteri. Tüm bunlar televizyondaki yerli dizileri seyretmek için birer araç. Hayat dizilerde geçiyor. Diziler gerçek hayatı anlamsızlaştırıp kendilerinin ‘gerçek’ olduklarını iddia ediyorlar. Gerçeği alaşağı ediyorlar. Sahte olanı ‘gerçek’ kılıyorlar. Basit hayatların basit anlamları dizilerdeki anlamsızlıklarda anlam buluyor. Dizi dışında yaşanan gerçek, gerçek değil sahte haline dönüşüyor!

Benzer bir sahneyi yine mahallemdeki berberde de her defasında yaşıyorum. Yine her defasında televizyon açık ve yine yerli diziler var. Ama, müşteriye orada biraz daha fazla zaman ayrılıyor. Mecburiyetten!.. Bir favori düzeltiliyor, bir süre diziye bakılıyor. Bu esnada askerden yeni gelmiş, gencecik bir çocuk olan berberimin o an sanki dükkandan kaçtığını hissediyorum. Ben, berber dükkanı, elindeki makas sanki yok oluyor. O an sadece televizyona bakıyor. Sonra birden hızla toparlanıp saçın yanlarını düzeltiyor. Ardından bir süreliğine daha dizide kayboluveriyor.

Bu aralar mahallemdeki esnafın tümünde bu dikkatimi çekiyor. Dükkanlarında birer televizyon ve televizyonda da yerli dizi…. » […]

Source : Sol